Below is the set of guidelines we will follow:
Natura Holdings Co-op LTD
Mary Ann O’Sullivan
ARTICLE 1 – IDENTITY
The name of this Cooperative shall be Natura Holdings Co-op LTD.
ARTICLE 2 – PURPOSES
The purpose of the Co-Op shall be:
(A) to provide like-minded people with the opportunity to build and live in a community designed and build using sustainable practices
(B) To create sources of household income that upholds the sustainable nature and practices of its members.
(C)To be engaged in the community and promote the benefits of a more resilient, sustainable community design, alongside other likeminded organizations and cooperatives.
(D)To limit the need for outside goods and services, by leveraging the skills of its members.
(E) To do such other things as shall serve the general welfare of its Members and the public.
ARTICLE 3 – MEETING MEMBERS
- Notice of each annual or other general meeting of members shall be given to the members not less than thirty (30) days prior to the date of the meeting. The notice shall specify the time and place of the meeting and shall set out or be accompanied by a statement of the business to be considered or transacted at the meeting. Members shall be entitled to have a matter put on the agenda for any members meeting and sent out with the notice of the meeting, provided they give the Secretary written notice of such matter sufficiently in advance of when notices of the meeting are sent out to permit it to be included. If they do not give notice in time for inclusion with the regular notice of the meeting, they may themselves at their own expense give notice to all members at least five (5) days prior to the date of the members’ meeting. No business may be transacted and no resolution or by-law adopted or confirmed by the members unless the general nature of that item of business was set out in or with the notice as mentioned above. Notwithstanding any lack of notice, any matter may be discussed by the members present, so long as no final decision is made with respect that matter.
- The annual meeting of the members for the election of directors and the transaction of such other business as may properly be brought before an annual meeting of the members shall be held at the County of Lunenburg or at such places as the directors may determine, but no later than four (2) months after the end of each fiscal year.
- Other meetings of the members may be called by order of the president, vice-president or the directors at any time and at any place within the County of Lunenburg and the secretary shall send the requisite notice of such a meeting to the members of the Co-operative. Notice of each special meeting of members shall be given to the members not less than ten (10) days prior to the date of the meeting
- Not less than 35% of members or a quorum, whichever is lower, of the members of the Co-operative entitled to a vote at the meeting proposed to be held may request the directors to call a meeting of the members for any purpose connected with the affairs of the Co-operative that is not consistent with the Co-operative Corporations Act. b. The provisions of Section 30 (1) to (4) of the Co-operative Corporation Act of Nova Scotia shall apply where such a request is made. c. The Board shall be obliged to call a general meeting of the members, if an annual, regular or special meeting is scheduled within the time period within which the directors are obliged to call and hold a meeting under Section 30 of the Co-operative Association Act of Nova Scotia. The business contained in the requisition for a special meeting shall be placed on the agenda of such annual, regular or special meeting.
- When notice is received generally by the members, the accidental omission to give notice to any member thereof or the non-receipt of any notice by any member thereof shall not invalidate any resolution passed or any proceeding taken at such meeting.
- No member shall have more than one (1) vote at any meeting of the Co-operative and voting by proxy shall not be permitted. As per section 31 line (1) of the Co-operative Associations Act of Nova Scotia.
- Unless otherwise approved, all questions arising at any meeting of the members shall be decided upon by a majority of votes.
- Notwithstanding anything contained in these by-laws, no notice of any annual or other meeting of the members shall be necessary if: a. where all member entitled to vote at such meeting are present in person and in the case of an annual meeting consent to the transaction of the business for which such meeting is being held; or b. where all members entitled to vote at such meeting who are not present either before or after the meeting waive in writing notice of the meeting, or in the case of the meeting other than the annual meeting, notice of the meeting and the purpose for which it is being held.
- Members representing thirty-five percent (35%) or minimum of 5 members (whatever is the smaller of the two) of the total eligible votes at the Annual Meeting, except as otherwise provided by law, constitute a quorum at all Meetings of the Members. If there be no such quorum, a majority of the members so present may adjourn the meeting from time to time without further notice thereof until, with subsequent notice in accordance with Section 1 of Article V, a quorum shall have been obtained.
- If at any annual or other meeting of the members, a quorum is not present within thirty (30) minutes of the time for which the meeting is called, the meeting, if convened upon requisition of the members, shall be dissolved and in any other case the presiding officer shall adjourn the meeting until such a time and place as a majority of the members present shall decide, to a date not less than seven (7) and not more than (15) days thereafter and the decision of the planned meeting shall be binding upon the Co-operative. Notice of the planned meeting shall be given by the secretary in the manner herein provided five days previous to the date of the planned meeting.
ARTICLE 4 – BOARD OF DIRECTORS
- The business of the Co-operative shall be under direction and control of the board of directors who may exercise all such power and do all such acts and things as may be exercised or done by the Co-operative or by statute expressly directed or required to be done by the Co-operative at meetings of the members. Subject to the provisions of Nova Scotia law and any limitations in the Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws relating to action required or permitted to be taken or approved by the members, if any, of this corporation, the activities and affairs of this corporation shall be conducted and all corporate powers shall be exercised by or under the direction of the Board of Directors.
- The qualifications of each director shall be that they be a member of the Co-operative and otherwise be eligible pursuant to the provisions of The Co-operative Corporations Act.
- The corporation shall have not less than three (3) no more than eleven (11) directors, with the exact number to be fixed within these limits by approval of the Board of Directors or the members and collectively they shall be known as the Board of Directors. These limits may be changed by amendment of this Bylaw, or by repeal of this Bylaw and adoption of a new Bylaw, as provided in these Bylaws. The directors shall be eligible for re-election upon completion of their term. Each director shall hold office until the next annual meeting for election of the Board of Directors as specified in these Bylaws, and until his or her successor is elected and qualifies.
- At a meeting where directors are to be elected, the meeting, before nominations are called for, shall choose a chairperson for the purpose of conducting the elections. Nominations shall be on an individual basis and the chairperson shall accept blanket motions to elect directors until after the nominations have been closed.
- Elections shall be by ballot. Any ballot which contains votes for more or less than the number required to elect shall be void.
- The office of a directors shall be vacated: a. If they becomes bankrupt or suspends payment or compounds with his creditors or makes authorized assignment or is declared insolvent; b. if they becomes mentally incompetent; c. if they cease to have the necessary qualifications for office; d. if they become absent without leave of the directors from three (3) consecutive regular meeting of the Board of Directors; e. if by notice in writing to the Co-operative they resigns their notice; or f. if by resolution passed by at least two-thirds (2/3) of the votes cast at a meeting of the members called for that purpose, they are removed from office.
- Whenever any vacancy occurs on the Board of Directors the membership shall select a director to fill the vacancy on the Board, unless there are three (3) months or less until the annual meeting, in which case the Board may appoint a member to the said Board for the unexpired portion on the term.
- Regular meetings of the Board of Directors may be held without notice on such regular monthly day as the directors may from time to time by resolutions determine.
- Meeting of the Board of Directors may be held either at the head office of the Co-operative or elsewhere as the directors from time to time determine. A meeting of the said Board may be called by the president or Vice-president or any three (3) directors at any time or by the secretary by direction of the president or vice-president or any three (3) directors of the said Board. Notice of such meeting shall be delivered or mailed or telegraphed or telephone to each director not less than two (2) days (exclusive of the day on which the notice is delivered, mailed or given) before the meeting is to take place; provided always that meetings of the 5 said Board members may be held at any time without formal notice if all the directors are present or those absent have waived notice or have signified their consent in writing to the meeting being held in their absence. Notice of any meeting or any irregularity in any meeting or notice thereof may be waived by a director. In general, all meetings of the Board of Directors may be attended by members of the Co-operative, except where by a two-thirds (2/3) vote of the directors it is decided otherwise. In the case of the first meeting of the Board of Directors to be held immediately following an annual meeting, or in the case of a director elected to fill a vacancy on the said Board, it shall not be necessary to give notice to such meeting to the newly elected director or directors in order to legally constitute the meeting, provided that a quorum of directors is present.
- A majority of the directors shall constitute a quorum at any meeting of the board of Directors.
- Questions arising at any meeting of the Board of Directors shall be decided by a majority of votes.
- The directors of the Co-operative shall serve without remuneration but may be paid any necessary expenses incurred by them about the business of the Co-operative. The directors shall also be entitled to be paid their traveling or other expenses properly incurred by them in
- All directors shall keep confidential all matters considered by the Board or coming to their notice or attention as directors which are of a confidential or private nature. Such matters shall include personal information on individual members and information relating to the business of the co-op where secrecy is appropriate to preserve the co-op’s position against third parties. If any officer, employee or other member of the co-op is present at a board meeting where confidential matters are considered and becomes aware of such confidential information, such person shall have an obligation to keep such information confidential and not be communicated to anyone else. The minutes of the board meeting shall include details of all items of business discussed. However, details of confidential matters shall not be included in copies of the minutes circulated to members or posted in a public place.
ARTICLE 5 – OFFICERS
- The directors shall annually, or as often as may be required, elect a president and vice-president and elect or appoint a secretary, a treasurer and if deemed advisable, an assistant treasurer. None of the said officers except the president and vice-president need be a member of the Board of Directors. Any two (2) of the previously mentioned officers may be held by the same persons, except those of President and Vice-President. The Secretary, Treasurer and, if appointed, Assistant Secretary and Assistant Treasurer need not be members of the Board of Directors. A vote of the majority of the directors shall be necessary for the election or appointment of the said officers. The directors may from time to time elect or appoint such other officers and agents as they shall deem the directors shall from time to time prescribe.
- All officers elected or appointed by the directors shall be repaid for all out of pocket expenses from time to time.
- All officers shall be subject to removal by resolution of the directors at any time with or without cause provided that a majority of the directors shall vote in favor thereof.
- In the case of the absence of ability to act as the president, vice-president or any other officer of the Co-operative or for any other reason that the directors may deem sufficient, the directors may delegate all or any of the powers of such officer to any other officer or to any director for the time being, provided that a majority of the directors concur therein.
- The president shall if present preside at all meetings of members and directors. They shall sign all instruments which require their signature and shall perform all duties incident to their office and shall have such other powers and duties and may from time to time as assigned to them by the directors.
- The vice-president shall be vested with all the powers and shall perform all the duties of the president in the absence of ability or refusal to act as the president. The vice-president shall also have such other power and duties, if any, as may from time to time be assigned to them by the directors.
- The secretary shall issue or cause to be issued notices for all meetings of the members and the directors when directed to do so. They shall have charge of the minute books and seal of the Cooperative. They shall sign with the president or other signing officer or officers of the co-operative such instruments that require their signature and shall perform such other duties as the terms of their engagements call for or the directors may from time to time properly require of them. The secretary or some other officer especially charged with the duty shall keep or cause to be kept a book or books or other suitable records wherein shall be kept recorded: a. copy of the articles of incorporation and of any articles of amendment issued to the Co-operative and the by-laws of the Co-operative duly authenticated; b. the names, alphabetically arranged, of all persons who are or have been members of the Co-operative; 7 c. the post office address of every such person, while such is a member; d. the names, post office addresses and callings of all persons who are or have been directors of the Co-operative, with the date at which each person became or ceased to be such a director.
- The treasurer shall have the care and custody of all the funds and securities of the Co-operative and shall deposit the same in the name of the Co-operative in such bank or banks with such depository or depositories as the directors may direct. They shall at all reasonable time exhibit their books and accounts to any director upon application at the office of the Co-operative during business hours. They shall perform all duties incident to their office or that are properly required of them by the directors.
- The directors may from time to time appoint a project coordinator or a general manager or manager and may delegate to them full authority to manage and direct the affairs of the Co-operative (except such matters and duties as by law must be transacted or performed by the directors or by the members in general meeting) and to employ, discharge and fix the wages or salaries of temporary agents and employees of the Co-operative or may delegate to them any lesser power. The manager may recommend to the directors the appointment and removal of any the wages or salaries to be paid to full-time employees of the Co-operative. The manager shall conform to all reasonable times and give to any of the directors, all information they may require regarding the affairs of the Co-operative.
- Directors shall serve without compensation. They shall be allowed reasonable advancement or reimbursement of expenses incurred in the performance of their regular duties as specified in Article 1 of these bylaws. Directors may not be compensated for rendering services to the corporation in any capacity other than director unless such other compensation is reasonable and is allowable under these bylaws.
ARTICLE 6 – RESERVE FUND
Any surplus arising from the business of the Co-operative in each fiscal year may be set aside by the Co-operative as a reserve fund. Such reserve fund shall not be paid, or in any way distributed to the members, but shall be applied for such purposes as are not inconsistent with the Articles of Incorporation. The Co-operative may invest all or part of the reserve fund such investments as it sees fit from time to time, deal with and vary such investments and dispose of all or any part thereof for the benefit of the Cooperative.
ARTICLE 7 – BORROWING MONIES
- The directors may from time to time:
- borrow money on the credit of the Co- operative; for cooperative needs
- issue, sell or pledge debt obligation of the Co-operative;
- charge, mortgage, hypothecate or pledge all or any currently owned or subsequently acquired real or personal movable or immovable property of the Co-operative, including book debts, rights, powers, franchises and undertakings, to secure any debt obligations or any money borrowed or other dept. liability of the Co-operative. The Co-operative shall not or intend to Mortgage or otherwise leverage the property owned by individual members.
- The power hereby conferred shall be deemed to be in supplement of and not in substitution for any powers to borrow money for the purposes of the Co-operative possessed by its directors or officers independently of a borrowing by-law.
ARTICLE 8 – AUDITORS
- The members at each annual meeting shall appoint an auditor who is familiar with co-operative accounting and practice. The auditor when appointed shall hold office until the next annual meeting and if an appointment is not so made the auditor in office shall continue until a successor is appointed. The remuneration of the auditor shall be fixed by the directors.
- The auditor shall at all reasonable times have access to the books, accounts and vouchers of the Co-operative and may require from the directors and officers such information and explanations as may be necessary for the performance of their duties.
- The auditor shall make a report to the members on the financial statement to be laid before the co-operative at each annual meeting during their term of office and shall state in their report whether in their opinion the financial statement referred to therein presents fairly the financial position of the Co-operative and the results of its operations for the period under review.
ARTICLE 9 – CHEQUES, DRAFTS AND NOTES
- All cheques, drafts or orders for the payment of money and all notes and acceptances and bills of exchange shall be signed by the president or the vice-president and the secretary or the treasurer or such officer as the directors may from time to time designate.
ARTICLE 10 – CUSTODY OF SECURITIES
- All shares and securities owned by the Co-operative shall be placed for safe keeping (in the name of the Co-operative) with a Credit union or the Province of Nova Scotia Savings Office or with such other corporations as may be determined form time to time by the directors.
ARTICLE 11 – EXECUTION OF INSTRUMENTS
- Contracts, documents or any instruments in writing requiring the signature of the Co-operative must be signed by the president or vice-president and the secretary or the treasurer and all contracts, documents and instruments in writing so signed shall be binding upon the Co-operative without any further authorization of formality. The directors shall have power from time to time by resolution to appoint any officer or officers, person or persons to sign contracts, documents and instruments in writing on behalf of the Co-operative.
- The seal of the Co-operative shall be in the custody of the Secretary and may, when required be affixed by them or any other officer or officers, person or persons appointed by resolution of the directors to contracts, documents and instruments in writing signed as an aforesaid.
ARTICLE 12 – FISCAL YEAR
- 1. The financial or fiscal year of the Co-operative shall terminate on the 28th day of February in each year.
ARTICLE 13 – DISSOLUTION
- In the event of dissolution of the Co-operative, all the assets after payment of the liabilities shall be paid as set out in the Articles of Incorporation.
ARTICLE 14 – NOTICES
- The signature of any notice to be given by the Co-operative may be written, stamped, typewritten or printed, or partly written, stamped, typewritten or printed.
- A certificate of the Secretary or other duly authorized officer of the Co-operative in office at the time of the mailing of the certificate shall, as to facts in relation to the mailing or delivery of any notice to any member, director or officer, or publication of any notice, be conclusive and binding on every member, director or officer of the Co-operative as the case may be.
ARTICLE 15 – COMMITTEES
- EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE – The Board of Directors may, by a consensus of directors, designate two (2) or more of its members (who may also be serving as officers of this corporation) to constitute an Executive Committee and delegate to such Committee any of the powers and authority of the board in the management of the business and affairs of the corporation, except with respect to: (a) The approval of any action which, under law or the provisions of these Bylaws, requires the approval of the members or of a majority of all of the members. (b) The filling of vacancies on the board or on any committee which has the authority of the board. (c) The fixing of compensation of the directors for serving on the board or on any committee. (d) The amendment or repeal of Bylaws or the adoption of new Bylaws. (e) The amendment or repeal or any resolution of the board which by its express terms is not so amendable or repeatable. (f) The appointment of committees of the board or the members thereof. (g) The expenditure of corporate funds to support a nominee for director after there are more people nominated for director than can be elected. (h) The approval of any transaction to which this corporation is a party and in which one or more of the directors has a material financial interest, except as expressly by law. By a majority vote of its members then in office, the board may at any time revoke or modify any or all of the authority so delegated, increase or decrease but not below two (2) the number of its members, and fill vacancies therein from the members of the board. The Committee shall keep regular minutes of its proceedings, cause them to be filed with the corporate records, and report the same to the board from time to time as the board may require.
- OTHER COMMITTEES – The Corporation shall have such other committees as may from time to time be designated by resolution of the Board of Directors. Such other committees may consist of persons who are not also members of the board. These additional committees shall act in an advisory capacity only to the board and shall be clearly titled as “advisory” committees.
- MEETINGS AND ACTION OF COMMITTEES – Meetings and action of committees shall be governed by, noticed, held and taken in accordance with the provisions of these Bylaws concerning meetings of the Board of Directors, with such changes in the context of such Bylaw provisions as are necessary to substitute the committee and its members for the Board of Directors and its members, except that the time for regular meetings of committees may be fixed by resolution of the Board of Directors or by the committee. The time for special meetings of committees may also be fixed by the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors may also adopt rules and regulations pertaining to the conduct of meetings of committees to the extent that such rules and regulations are not inconsistent with the provisions of these Bylaws.
ARTICLE 16 – AMENDMENTS
- The directors may from time to time make by-laws not contrary to the Articles of Incorporation or restated Articles of Incorporation, if any, of the Co-operative Corporation Act, and from time to time amend, vary or repeal, amendment or re-enactment thereof, unless in the meantime confirmed at a meeting of the members duly called for that purpose, is effective only until the next annual meeting of the members.
- By-laws of the Co-operative passed pursuant to the authority of the Co-operative Corporations Act shall not take effects until confirmed by a vote of two-thirds (2/3) of the votes cast by the members present in person at a meeting duly called for considering the same.
ARTICLE 17 – INTERPRETATION
- In all by-laws of the Co-operative the singular shall include plural and the singular the word “person” shall include firms and corporations and the masculine shall include the feminine. Whenever reference is made in the by-law to any statute or section thereof such reference shall be deemed to extend, and apply to any amendment to said statute or section, as the case may be. AMENDED by the Board of Directors and sealed with the Corporate Seal of the Co-operative this [day] of [month] in [year].
ARTICLE 18 – MEMBERS
- DETERMINATION AND RIGHTS OF MEMBERS – The Corporation shall have only one class of members. No member shall hold more than one membership in the corporation. Except as expressly provided in or authorized by the Articles of Incorporation or Bylaws of this corporation, all memberships shall have the same rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions.
- QUALIFICATIONS OF MEMBERS – The qualifications for membership in this corporation are as follows: A. Only adult, real persons are eligible for membership. B. A person must sign and adhere to the provisions of the Natuara Holdings Co-op LTD membership agreement.
– A successful Criminal Record check, including Vulnerable Sector check must be successfully completed in order to obtain a membership.
- ADMISSION OF MEMBERS Applicants shall be admitted to membership by a clearly defined process determined by the current membership of Natura Holdings Co-op Limited and approved by the Board of Directors. This process shall include reading and signing the Membership Agreement.
- SHARES –
- a) Member must own a minimum of 15 shares in order to qualify for membership for the working coop.
- b) Members of the homeowners coop must pay $15,000 lot fee (monetary or in kind) within 3 years for membership. Lot fee for tiny homes will be half that at $7,500
If an investor wants to terminate their membership, their initial investment must be paid back by the coop within a year of written intent.
- NUMBER OF MEMBERS – Each household only need hold 15 shares to qualify for a maximum of one voting share. The number of households is limited to 24; therefore the maximum number of voting members is 24. This may be reviewed or changed by the board from time to time.
- MEMBERSHIP BOOK – The Corporation shall keep a membership book containing the name and address of each member. Termination of the membership of any member shall be recorded in the book, together with the date of termination of such membership. Such book shall be kept at the corporation’s principal office and shall be available for inspection by any director or member of the corporation during regular business hours. The record of names and addresses of the members of this corporation shall constitute the membership list of this corporation and shall not be used, in whole or part, by any person for any purpose not reasonably related to a member’s interest as a member.
- NONLIABILITY OF MEMBERS – A member of this corporation is not, as such, personally liable for the debts, liabilities, or obligations of the corporation over their current value of shares should they have any above membership
- NONTRANSFERABILITY OF MEMBERSHIPS – No member may transfer a membership or any right arising therefrom. All rights of membership cease upon the member’s death.
- TERMINATION OF MEMBERSHIP – (a) Grounds for Termination. The membership of a member shall terminate upon the occurrence of any of the following events:(1) Upon his or her notice of such termination delivered to the President or Secretary of the corporation personally or by mail, such membership to terminate upon the date of delivery of the notice or date of deposit in the mail. (2) Upon a determination by the Board of Directors or the general membership that the member has engaged in conduct materially and seriously prejudicial to the interests or purposes of the corporation. (3) Upon failure to adhere to the provisions of the Natura Holdings Co-op Limited membership agreement, unless such failure is explicitly allowed by a determination of the membership. (b) Procedure for Expulsion. Following the determination that a member should be expelled under subparagraph (a)(2) of this section, the following procedure shall be implemented:(1) A notice shall be sent by first-class or registered mail to the last address of the member as shown on the corporation’s records or delivered in person to the member, setting forth the expulsion and the reasons therefor. Such notice shall be sent at least fifteen (15) days before the proposed effective date of the expulsion. (2) The member being expelled shall be given an opportunity to be heard, either orally or in writing, at a hearing to be held not less than five (5) days before the effective date of the proposed expulsion, by the members of the person or committee authorized by the members to decide whether the proposed termination will take place. The notice to the member of his or her proposed expulsion shall state the date, time, and place of the hearing on his or her proposed expulsion. If the member does not appear and has not notified the Secretary/Treasurer of any adequate reason therefor, or chooses not to appear at the hearing, the termination shall be effective automatically on the proposed date of termination.(3) Following the hearing, the members (other than the subject member) or the person or committee authorized by the membership to determine whether or not the member should be expelled, suspended, or sanctioned in some other way, shall decide whether or not the member should in fact be expelled, suspended, or sanctioned in some other way. The decision of the membership or the person or committee authorized by the membership to determine whether or not the member should be expelled, suspended, or sanctioned in some other way, shall be final. Permanent property in the co-op belonging to the expelled member must go up for sale within the regular process as seen in Section 13 of this article.
- RIGHTS ON TERMINATION OF MEMBERSHIP – All rights of a member in the corporation shall cease on termination of membership as herein provided.
- AMENDMENTS RESULTING IN THE TERMINATION OF MEMBERSHIPS – Notwithstanding any other provision of these Bylaws, if any amendment of the Articles of Incorporation or of the Bylaws of this corporation would result in the termination of all memberships or any class of memberships, then such amendment or amendments shall be effected only in accordance with the law.
- COMMITTEES OF THE MEMBERS – The membership may, from time to time, designate three (2) or more of its members (who may also be serving as officers of this corporation) to constitute a committee or committees and delegate to such committees any of the powers and authority of the members in the management of the business and affairs of the corporation, except those specifically reserved by the full membership or the Board of Directors in these Bylaws or in the Articles of Incorporation.
- RESALE OF DOMICILE – Coop has the first right of refusal at cost (value of money, time, materials, or any upgrades), inflation would be applied, or fair market value of the home, the lower of the two. If the home does go to open market the purchaser must be approved through the board and purchaser must follow these articles. Should a membership be terminated all proceeds from the sale go back to the original member, whom is being expelled.
- LIMITS ON DIVIDENDS – Dividends will not be offered until there are dividends to offer. Any initial income will be used to either reinvest in the community or to pay down debt. A main goal of this community will be to be as sustainable as possible, reducing debt will be a key part of our success. This will be reviewed on a yearly basis to determine if issuing dividends will be done.
- Primary Residence – Those in the housing coop must maintain their residence on site at Natura Holdings Coop LTD as their primary place of residence. Primary residence will be defined as the member’s domicile at which they reside for a period of no less than 8 months of the year.
ARTICLE 20 – WORKSHARE
- As a community work will be shared amongst member. Member do not have to contribute to all areas however a reasonable effort must be made to work a fair share of all work regardless of the area of concentration.
- The work done must be in accordance to what the group has set out as fair and equal distributions of duties.
ARTICLE 21 – OWNERSHIP OF LOT AND DWELLING
- Development of the lot and building of residential structure must be done through the coop acting as a developer. The member does not take possession of the property until released by the coop, and until such time the Natura Holdings Co-op Limited retains ownership of the property and its included buildings. The member shall take possession after occupancy permits has been issued and both the coop and member have finalized the agreement.
ARTICLE 22 – CODE OF CONDUCT
Pets: Pets are a great addition to a community. They can be companions as well as having roles or jobs to perform.
The pet policy is meant to provide guidelines to ensure that the balance of sustainability is not tipped and the removal process of unwanted pets rarely or never has to be used.
Cats: Indoor pets: Natura supports the theory of non-violence towards all creatures. Caged animals do not live the full lives they do out in the wild. Any requests for indoor pets will be discussed on a case by case basis.
Indoor cats are welcome under the same guidelines as the other pets: Friendly, healthy and well behaved.
Dogs: Dogs require heaps of attention and guidance. Any dog residing on the ecovillage must be very friendly, non-threatening, well behaved, well trained, and gets along well with the other animals and people. Including all children.
Training is essential for the dog. It is required that:
- It respects the property’s boundaries.
- Does not dig in the garden or any other sensitive area.
- Does not beg for food.
- Does not chase wildlife or other animals.
- Comes when called.
- Can be called off at any point.
- Knows where it is appropriate to eliminate waste.
Behavior: The animals of an ecovillage will have maximum stimulation. In their lifetime they will meet hundreds of people and animals including other pets, wildlife, kids, animal lovers (and not so lovers). We feel it is ideal if the pet is friendly (either in an outgoing way or maybe they’re shy and hide for a while when guests arrive, but then warm up to new people).
Fighting, attacking other animals, scratching or biting people is a hazard that can be prevented. Aggressive pets are not welcome and will be asked to leave the ecovillage if their behavior is not modified rapidly.
Strays: Every pet requires an owner/handler. Homeless pets are welcome only on a temporary emergency basis until a home or owner is found. If the community is at full pet allotment, the home must be off of the community.
Pet management: Should a pet go against one of the animal guidelines, the following process will be put in action:
- A conversation will be had between the pet owner and the animal stewards; a solution to the behavior will be agreed upon and a training/behavior modification plan will be put into action.
- Should the animal persist with the negative behavior the animal will be requested to have limited access to the property and immediate actions will be put in place by the whole community to encourage the pet to modify its habits.
- Should the pet persist, it will be requested to find another home.
Should a pet act in a violent way towards another animal, immediate action will be taken. An assessment will be done by the animal stewards and they will steward a proposal outlining to the community what options are available for that pet. It may be asked to find another home if the pet has an aggressive history.
Should a pet act in a violent way towards a person, it will most likely be asked to find another home immediately.
Generally, there are two types of cats. Indoor (never go outside) and outdoor. Cats that do go outdoors are essentially the community’s cats. They will have free reign of the property and will be able to come and go from their owner’s house as they please. They should be provided with bells around their necks to prevent unwanted critter casualties. It will be the responsibility of the owners to maintain the health of the cats and pay for any medical attention it may need.
A household shall have a reasonable amount of pets. Natura realizes that some households may have more pets than other however that household should be able to take care of all pets in a way that should occur. Natura will, on a case by case basis, determine a reasonable amount of pets for a household. Should a household wish to get new pet(s) the Coop would like to be notified before said pet is obtained.
Hazardous chemicals may include but are not limited to the following list:
The project cannot contain any of the following Red List materials or chemicals: Alkylphenols, Asbestos, Bisphenol A (BPA), Cadmium, Chlorinated Polyethylene and Chlorosulfonated Polyethylene, Chlorobenzenes, Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), Chloroprene (Neoprene), Chromium VI, Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride (CPVC) Formaldehyde (added)
Halogenated Flame Retardants (HFRs), Lead (added), Mercury, Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), Perfluorinated Compounds (PFCs), Phthalates, Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC), Polyvinylidene Chloride (PVDC), Short-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins, Wood treatments containing Creosote, Arsenic or Pentachlorophenol, Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in wet applied products.
Drug, Alcohol & Tobacco Policy: Natura is a high visibility demonstration space; we also support folks to be fully present to themselves and to all other relationships. We, therefore, do not allow illegal drugs or their use on Natura Property and their use can be grounds for immediate action.
Tobacco use is allowed in designated areas, which will be marked, if you are unsure, please ask.
Alcohol use is permitted on site only after work hours. It is not permitted during regular 9-5 hours, except on special occasions as defined by the coop itself.
We must respect each residence and their family members. As such take care to not glamorize the use of legal substances.
Smoking, drugs, legal or not, and alcohol use will not be permitted in public buildings at any time, unless the coop itself has designated a specific use of alcohol. On these exception periods or in your home please take care not to become completely intoxicated as to be out of control.
The community has a Quiet Hours policy that asks people not to do construction, use power tools, or make big noises between 9 PM and 9 AM.
If there is a noise concern, communicate, in the moment, directly and respectfully (use eye contact, gentle tone, and words and with kids to get on their eye-level).
Post a sign outside your home for when quiet is needed
It is the responsibility of Natura residents to communicate these guidelines to their adult and child guests.
State of Property: Property must be maintained and kept in an organized state of cleanliness at all times, both personal and community property. The property will not be used for excessive storage or in an unkempt manner as defined by the coop.
If a personal property is deemed to be unkempt or in an unclean state, Natura reserves the right to have the space cleaned and organized at the property owner’s expense. Of course, all reasonable resolution must be attempted before such action would be taken. If a property owner is responsible for the unclean state of community space and refuses to resolve the uncleanly state in a timely manner the coop shall expense all cleaning costs to the said property owner.
Homes must be kept in a state of good repair as to not be unsightly. Should a property owner refuse to maintain the exterior of their buildings Natura reserve the right to repair any buildings or outbuilding at the property owner’s expense, within reason.
Behavior: These Agreements and bylaws shall apply to all owners, renters, and guests residing within or using the common areas or facilities of Natura.
No property owner shall do or permit to be done anything in or about his or her property or in common areas which will interfere with the rights, comfort or convenience of other property owners, it being the intent that Natura shall be a residential community wherein all residents shall live in a peaceful and tranquil environment.
Residents should try to resolve any disputes or issues with the person or persons responsible for the discomfort in person unless they fear this will cause undue harm. Natura will take every chance to help resolve the issue in a peaceful and calm manner.
Violence of any kind will not be tolerated and may cause the member or members involved to have membership revoked.
Members of Natura will pledge to accept member’s race, religion, sexuality or lifestyle with respect. Any discriminatory action will be dealt with swiftly. We must endure to live in a harmonious a balanced community where all are accepted and tolerance will never be an issue. However the said acceptance must be within the norm, occult or other practices that harm are not to be tolerated as they interfere with others rights.
Garbage and Recycling: Garbage and recycling will be collected on-site for disposal. We will endeavor to create as little waste and recycling as possible for both as residents and as Natura on whole.
Members should hope to inspire local residents to take care to waste as little as possible. Food waste will be utilized as compost and used initially as a heating source for greenhouses and then as a soil aid in the gardens.
All residence must consider what they put down the drain before doing so. No hazardous chemicals or substances shall be put into our septic systems. This includes any substance that may not be considered hazardous to people but may cause issues with septic system operations.
Care must be made to separate your own waste and place it in the designated area for collections.
Audits will be used from time to time to ensure we are doing as much as we can to eliminate waste.
ARTICLE 23 – INDEMNIFICATION AGREEMENT
Natura Holdings Coop LTD
The undersigned, including all members, volunteers, and agents thereof, herein known as “Member”, agree to exercise the utmost care in the use of facilities and properties of Natura Holdings Coop Limited. The Member also agrees to indemnify and save claims, actions, judgments, losses, costs, (including reasonable attorney fees) and damages whatsoever, including claims of incidents to Natura Holdings Coop Limited caused be the sole negligence of Natura Holdings Coop Limited.
I understand that Natura Holdings Coop Limited does not maintain liability insurance to cover any claim, action, judgment, loss, cost or damage against or involving the Member. As such, Natura Holdings Coop Limited will not cover any claim, action, judgment, loss, cost or damage arising from the
Member’s participation or activity associated with or facilitation of that participation. The MEMBER is hereby given notice and is aware that he/she should review his/her personal insurance portfolio for necessary adjustments prior to participating in Natura Holdings Coop Limited. The MEMBER assumes all liability associated with their participation in the Natura Holdings Coop Limited.
Should the MEMBER, at any time, occupy the premises in a manner contrary to verbal or written direction by Natura Holdings Coop Limited; a manner contrary to the bylaws; or in any manner that is unlawful, hazardous, or offensive to the public or to other Members, the MEMBER shall immediately cease such offending conduct. Failure of the MEMBER to immediately conform its conduct as requested by Natura Holdings Coop Limited shall be cause to immediately revoke this agreement without compensation. Upon failure to so vacate, Natura Holdings Coop Limited is authorized to remove all property of the MEMBER from the premises at the Member’s expense. Natura Holdings Coop Limited is relieved and discharged from any and all loss or damage incurred by such removal. Natura Holdings Coop Limited will not be responsible for storage or safekeeping of property so removed.
The MEMBER understands that the premises used by Natura Holdings Coop Limited are used with
The board’s permission. Permission to use the premises can be withdrawn at any time. The
Member agrees not to hold Natura Holdings Coop Limited, its officers, directors, employees, agents or sponsors responsible for any loss or damages should such permission to use the facility be withdrawn.
The Undersigned/MEMBER has received, read and understands the Natura Holdings Coop Limited bylaws. I the Undersigned/MEMBER intends and agrees to follow the Natura Holdings Coop Limited bylaw requirements. In signing this release, I acknowledge and represent that I the
Undersigned/MEMBER have read the foregoing material and execute this release for full, adequate and complete consideration, fully intending to be bound by the same.
Position in Company______________________
See also Town of Bridgewater Bylaws and county of Lunenburg bylaws